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Категорията обектоопределеност в унгарския език и нейните еквиваленти в българския език

TitleКатегорията обектоопределеност в унгарския език и нейните еквиваленти в българския език
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1987
AuthorsСонди, Д
JournalСъпоставително езикознание / Сопоставительное языкознание / Contrastive linguistics
Publication Languagerus

In Hungarian, there is a specific verbal category, known as object-definiteness, which is characterized by „the presence (or absence) of a definite 3rd person grammatical object“. The article discusses this category and the so-called definite conjugation of verbs. In search of equivalents for this grammatical category in Bulgarian, a list of the uses with verbs of the clytics го ‘him, it’, я ‘her’ and ги ‘them’ is compiled. After analysing 13 sentence functions of these movable form-formatives, the author shows how go ‘him, it’ evolved from a morpheme with the function of a doubled object (identifying reference) to an independent anaphorizer (or cataphorizer) of a distant familiar (definite) object. Summarizing the results of the contrastive analysis, the author draws the following conclusions: (1) the real function of the definite conjugation is to signal the object (definite direct object) if it is not expressed in the sentence; (2) the category of definiteness could also be applied to the Bulgarian verb; (3) in Bulgarian, there are affix-like particles for optional indication of the object, the recipient and even the beneficiary, and not only when it is a 3rd person object (or indirect object) at that.

Citation KeyСонди1987
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